Mongolian sheep are a breed of domestic sheep that are native to the Mongolian plateau in Asia. They are scientifically known as Ovis aries, where Ovis is the genus name for sheep and Aries is the species name, which means "ram" in Latin. Mongolian sheep are known for producing high-quality wool that is soft, durable, and warm.
The wool fibers produced by Mongolian sheep are generally finer and softer than those produced by many other breeds of sheep. The fibers have a diameter of between 15-25 microns and are also elastic, which means that they have the ability to stretch and recover their original shape. This is a desirable characteristic as it allows for greater durability and resistance to pilling.
Mongolian sheep have a double coat of wool, with a fine, soft undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. The wool from the outer coat is generally used to make coarser textiles such as blankets and carpets, while the wool from the undercoat is used to make finer textiles such as clothing.
Mongolian sheep are well adapted to the harsh and cold climate of the Mongolian plateau, and their wool helps to keep them warm in extreme temperatures. The wool fibers also have a natural water-repellent characteristic, which helps protect the sheep from the elements. In addition to its use in textiles, Mongolian sheep wool is also used in the production of felt, which is a non-woven fabric made by matting, condensing, and pressing fibers together. This is possible because of the high tensile strength of the fibers, which means they can withstand a lot of tension without breaking.
It's worth noting that Mongolian sheep are also adapted to survival in a semi-arid and desert-like environment, thus these sheep are very hardy and able to survive in harsh conditions, which in turn makes the wool produced to be of high quality, unique characteristics and tough.
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